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Andrew Murray said, “What joy it will be to seek God’s face until the earth is full of His glory!”

The Sovereignty of God and Prayer

Dr. John Piper

January 1, 1976 | by John Piper | Topic: Prayer

I am often asked, “If you believe God works all things according to the counsel of his will (Ephesians 1:11) and that his knowledge of all things past, present, and future is infallible, then what is the point of praying that anything happen?” Usually this question is asked in relation to human decision: “If God has predestined some to be his sons and chosen them before the foundation of the world (Ephesians 1:4,5), then what’s the point in praying for anyone’s conversion?”The implicit argument here is that if prayer is to be possible at all man must have the power of self-determination. That is, all man’s decisions must ultimately belong to himself, not God. For otherwise he is determined by God and all his decisions are really fixed in God’s eternal counsel. Let’s examine the reasonableness of this argument by reflecting on the example cited above.

God Decides Who Will Be Saved

1. “Why pray for anyone’s conversion if God has chosen before the foundation of the world who will be his sons?” A person in need of conversion is “dead in trespasses and sins” (Ephesians 2:1); he is “enslaved to sin” (Romans 6:17John 8:34); “the god of this world has blinded his mind that he might not see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ” (2 Corinthians. 4:4); his heart is hardened against God (Ephesians 4:18) so that he is hostile to God and in rebellion against God’s will (Romans 8:7).

Now I would like to turn the question back to my questioner: If you insist that this man must have the power of ultimate self-determination, what is the point of praying for him? What do you want God to do for him? You can’t ask that God overcome the man’s rebellion, for rebellion is precisely what the man is now choosing, so that would mean God overcame his choice and took away his power of self-determination. But how can God save this man unless he act so as to change the man’s heart from hard hostility to tender trust?

Will you pray that God enlighten his mind so that he truly see the beauty of Christ and believe? If you pray this, you are in effect asking God no longer to leave the determination of the man’s will in his own power. You are asking God to do something within the man’s mind (or heart) so that he will surely see and believe. That is, you are conceding that the ultimatedetermination of the man’s decision to trust Christ is God’s, not merely his.

God’s Sovereignty Enables Prayer

What I am saying is that it is not the doctrine of God’s sovereignty which thwarts prayer for the conversion of sinners. On the contrary, it is the unbiblical notion of self-determination which would consistently put an end to all prayers for the lost. Prayer is a request that Goddo something. But the only thing God can do to save a lost sinner is to overcome his resistance to God. If you insist that he retain his self-determination, then you are insisting that he remain without Christ. For “no one can come to Christ unless it is given him from the Father” (John 6:6544).

Only the person who rejects human self-determination can consistently pray for God to save the lost. My prayer for unbelievers is that God will do for them what he did for Lydia: He opened her heart so that she gave heed to what Paul said (Acts 16:14). I will pray that God, who once said, “Let there be light!”, will by that same creative power “shine in their hearts to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ” (2 Corinthians 4:6). I will pray that he will “take out their heart of stone and give them a heart of flesh” (Ezekiel 36:26). I will pray that they be born not of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man but of God (John 1:13). And with all my praying I will try to “be kind and to teach and correct with gentleness and patience, if perhaps God may grant them repentance and freedom from Satan’s snare” (2 Timothy 2:24-26).

In short, I do not ask God to sit back and wait for my neighbor to decide to change. I do not suggest to God that he keep his distance lest his beauty become irresistible and violate my neighbor’s power of self-determination. No! I pray that he ravish my unbelieving neighbor with his beauty, that he unshackle the enslaved will, that he make the dead alive and that he suffer no resistance to stop him lest my neighbor perish.

The Relationship between Prayer and Evangelism

2. If someone now says, “O.K., granted that a person’s conversion is ultimately determined by God’ I still don’t see the point of your prayer. If God chose before the foundation of the world who would be converted, what function does your prayer have?” My answer is that it has a function like that of preaching: How shall the lost believe in whom they have not heard, and how shall they hear without a preacher, and how shall they preach unless they are sent (Romans 10:14f.)? Belief in Christ is a gift of God (John 6:652 Timothy 2:25;Ephesians 2:8), but God has ordained that the means by which men believe on Jesus is through the preaching of men.

It is simply naive to say that if no one spread the gospel, all those predestined to be sons of God (Ephesians 1:5) would be converted anyway. The reason this is naive is because it overlooks the fact that the preaching of the gospel is just as predestined as is the believingof the gospel: Paul was set apart for his preaching ministry before he was born (Galatians 1:15), as was Jeremiah (Jeremiah 1:5). Therefore, to ask, “If we don’t evangelize, will the elect be saved?” is like asking, “If there is no predestination, will the predestined be saved?” God knows those who are his and he will raise up messengers to win them. If someone refuses to be a part of that plan, because he dislikes the idea of being tampered with before he was born, then he will be the loser, not God and not the elect. “You will certainly carry out God’s purpose however you act but it makes a difference to you whether you serve like Judas or like John.” (Problem of Pain chapter 7, Anthology, p 910, cf. p 80)

God Uses Means

Prayer is like preaching in that it is a human act also. It is a human act that God has ordained and which he delights in because it reflects the dependence of his creatures upon him. He has promised to respond to prayer, and his response is just as contingent upon our prayer as our prayer is in accordance with his will. “And this is the confidence which we have before him, that if we ask anything according to his will, he hears us” (1 John 5:14). When we don’t know how to pray according to God’s will but desire it earnestly, “the Spirit of God intercedes for us according to the will of God” (Romans 8:27).

In other words, just as God will see to it that his Word is proclaimed as a means to saving the elect, so he will see to it that all those prayers are prayed which he has promised to respond to. I think Paul’s words in Romans 15:18 would apply equally well to his preaching and his praying ministry: “I will not presume to speak of anything except what Christ has accomplished through me, resulting in the obedience of the Gentiles.” Even our prayers are a gift from the one who “works in us that which is pleasing in his sight” (Hebrews 13:21). Oh, how grateful we should be that he has chosen us to be employed in this high service! How eager we should be to spend much time in prayer!

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Please include the following statement on any distributed copy: By John Piper. ©2012 Desiring God Foundation. Website: desiringGod.org

Years ago, I was in England and I bought a book by R.T. Kendall called Out of the Comfort Zone.”

Most of the book is hard hitting and convicting. But here is somewhat of a humorous quote with a strong message…

“This reminds me of a friend of mine whose six-year-old son knelt at his bedside and prayed, ‘God bless Daddy and Mummy and me and, oh yes, please take care of yourself because if anything happens to you we are going to be in an awful mess.’ If God is not sovereign, there is no hope that our Lord Jesus will triumph in the end as he did when God raised him from the dead” (104).

Praise the Lord that He rules all things. Thus, he can be depended on and trusted even when life around us is chaotic.

Blaise Pascal makes it clear that we were created by God for prayer because we were created for God. His words…

“If man is not made for God, why us he only happy in God? If man is made for God, why is so opposed to God?”

There is no need to be opposed to the one who gives us life and breath and everything else.

Thus, let us pray!

Our Enemy’s Tactics: Sexual Temptation & Substance Abuse

This week we continue to answer the following question: How does God’s enemy come after His people and His leaders for the sole purpose of distracting, disrupting and derailing them from being involved in God’s great mission?

As we survey Pauline literature we will discover fourteen tactical strategies that the enemy will use to come after God’s people along with specific antidotes in addressing that problem.  See the introduction to this series to receive an overview of this subject.

2.  Sexual Temptations, Abuse of Christian Liberty & Addictions

“Sexual temptations are lurking around every corner in our lives today!  Resisting the temptation to gratify the flesh is a full-time job.” – Gary Rohrmayer

Text: I Corinthians 5:5 – “When you are assembled in the name of our Lord Jesus and I am with you in spirit, and the power of our Lord Jesus is present, hand this man over to Satan, so that the sinful nature may be destroyed and his spirit saved on the day of the Lord. Your boasting is not good. Don’t you know that a little yeast works through the whole batch of dough?”

I Corinthians 6:12-20 – “Everything is permissible for me”—but not everything is beneficial. “Everything is permissible for me”—but I will not be mastered by anything. “Food for the stomach and the stomach for food”—but God will destroy them both. The body is not meant for sexual immorality, but for the Lord, and the Lord for the body. By his power God raised the Lord from the dead, and he will raise us also. Do you not know that your bodies are members of Christ himself? Shall I then take the members of Christ and unite them with a prostitute? Never! Do you not know that he who unites himself with a prostitute is one with her in body? For it is said, “The two will become one flesh.” But he who unites himself with the Lord is one with him in spirit.  Flee from sexual immorality. All other sins a man commits are outside his body, but he who sins sexually sins against his own body. Do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit, who is in you, whom you have received from God? You are not your own; you were bought at a price. Therefore honor God with your body.

Problem: “Satan can destroy a life by controlling a person through immoral sexual addiction along with other additive substances such as food, alcohol, medication, etc.” J.Robert Clinton

Antidote: “Avoid situations that can lead to sexual addiction and frequently ask the question ‘Am I being controlled by these substances, sexual impulses or the Spirit of God?'”  J.Robert Clinton

Reflective Questions:

  • If the enemy of God were to attack one area of your life do you know what area he would try to exploit?
  • What are you actively doing to release the stress build up in your life?
  • Are your actively crossing a moral line in your thought life? (Mathew 6:27-30)
  • When is the last time you did a rigorous spiritual inventory of your life?
  • Have you ever said “I really need…” or “I really deserve…”?
  • Have you ever attempted a “spiritual fast” to break “bonds of wickedness” in your life? (Isaiah 58:6)

Prayer: Father in Heaven, I praise You for not only redeeming my soul but for redeeming my body as well.  Through the death and resurrection of your Son, the Lord Jesus Christ, my body is now a temple for Your Holy Spirit to reside. Holy Father, grant me the courage to deal with sin in my flesh and in the church rigorously.  Righteous Father through the power of the resurrection help me to seek want is beneficial and not what is simply permissible.  Loving Father, I surrender my desires and sexual impulses to You as I seek to honor You with my body.  Father, I desire to treat my relationships with the opposite sex with caution, care and in an honorable way.  Heavenly Father You are my master and I desire to be controlled by You and Your desires alone.  I come to You in the strong name of Jesus, Amen

That is what life is all about!

Let us pray that we followers of Jesus love and worship Him day in and day out!

According to Brian Edwards book Revival! A People Saturated With God, before true revivals sent from heaven, there will be people anticipating for God to move in powerful ways. Edwards writes that such people

“…have met with God in a powerfully personal way and have a burning passion for the glory of God and a life of holiness” (48).

I want to possess that burning passion!

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